Christian Hardtke
    Department of Biology
    christian.hardtke@mcgill.ca
William C. Galley
    Department of Chemistry
    william.galley@mcgill.ca
Gregory Brown
    Department of Biology
    gregory.brown@mgill.ca
    
Main
Introduction
Student Comments
Online Seminar
Fritz Lipmann
The High-Energy Phosphate
Caveats
Semantics
Bond Making & Breaking Tutorial
Hydrophobic Bonding
EXBAN Supporters
Research on Misconception
References
 
Contact Us
 
   

References

Current Aspects of Biochemical Energetics Fritz Lipmann Dedicatory Volume, Eds. Nathan O. Kaplan and Eugene Kennedy, Academic Press, New York, 1966.

The Roots of Modern Biochemistry, Fritz Lipmann's Squiggle and its Consequences, Eds. Horst Kleinkauf, Hans van Dohren and Lothar Jaenicke; Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin, 1988.

Fruton, Joseph S. (1972); Molecules and Life. Historical Essays on the Interplay of Chemistry and Biology, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. Fritz Lipmann's introduction of the terms "energy-rich phosphate bond" and "group potential" (Lipmann, 1941) are discussed in the contexts of the development of the concept of biochemical energy in the section entitled: Oxidative Generation of Biochemical Energy, pp 359-396.

Harrod, Franklin (1986); The Vital Force: A Study of Bioenergetics, W.H. Freeman and Co., New York.

Kalckar, H. M, (1941); The Nature of Energetic Coupling in Biological Synthesis, Chem. Reviews 28, 71-178.

Klotz; Irving M. (1967); Energy Changes in Biomolecular Reactions, Academic Press, Orlando, p 52.

Klotz; Irving M. (1986); Introduction to Biomolecular Energies, Academic Press, Orlando, p 52.

Lehman, I. R. (1974); DNA Ligase: Structure, Mechanism, and Function, Science 186, 790-797.

Lehninger, Albert L. (1971); Bioenergetics, The Molecular Basis of Biological Energy Transformations, 2nd ed, W.A. Benjamin, Inc., Menlo Park, pp 41-42.

Lipmann, Fritz (1941); Metabolic Generation and Utilization of Phosphate Bond Energy, Advances in Enzymology 1, 99-162.

Lipmann, Fritz (1971); Wanderings of a Biochemist, Wiley Interscience, New York.

Tanford, Charles (1991); The Hydrophobic Effect: Formation of Micelles and Biological Membranes, Krieger Publishing Co., Malabar, Florida.

Westheimer, F.H (1987); Why Nature Chose Phosphate, Science 235, 1173.

White, D. (1995); The Physiology and Biochemistry of the Prokaryotes, Oxford University Press, Oxford, p.141-154.

Web Links

John W. Kimball's Biology Pages have lots of useful information. In particular, refer to mini-essays on ATP and Bond Energy.

845 Sherbrooke St. W. Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T5 tel:514-398-4455

2005 McGill University